Based on aerosol nanotechnology, our group harnesses the “artificial lightning” to create aerosol nanoparticles ranging from single metals to unprecedented alloys (e.g., high-entropy alloys and immiscible alloys). Using these nanoparticles as building blocks, we also control their dynamic interplay with “lines of forces” to print 3D architectures, with nanometer-scale control over the size, orientations, and position of each nanostructure. Based on the understanding of the complex aerosol systems, we weave together various possibilities for unprecedented forms of matter–from nanomanufacturing to 3D printing. The resulting structures can cover self-organized materials, active bio-inspired materials and metamaterials that have mechanical or optical or electrical properties that do not occur in nature. This highly promising discipline will open up new horizons in many fields, just name a few: nanoscale additive manufacturing (also known as 3D nanoprinting), chip technology, nanoelectronics, photonics, nanofinishing and catalysts.